Waukegan (/wɔːˈkiːɡən/) is the largest city in and the county seat of Lake County, Illinois, United States. Part of the Chicago Metropolitan Area, the city is located 35 miles north of Downtown Chicago and 21 miles from the border of Chicago’s North Side. As of the 2018 United States Census estimate, there is a population of 86,792, which makes it the ninth most populous city in Illinois. Waukegan is a predominately working-class community with a sizeable middle-class population.
Waukegan is located at 42°22′13″N 87°52′16″W / 42.37028°N 87.87111°W / 42.37028; -87.87111 (42.3703140, -87.8711404). Waukegan is on the shore of Lake Michigan, about 11 miles (18 km) south of the border with Wisconsin and 35 miles (56 km) north of downtown Chicago, at an elevation of about 715 feet (218 m) above sea level.
According to the 2010 census, Waukegan has a total area of 23.879 square miles (61.85 km), of which 23.67 square miles (61.31 km) (or 99.12%) is land and 0.209 square miles (0.54 km) (or 0.88%) is water.
As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 89,078 people residing in the city. The racial makeup of the town was 46.6% White (21.7% non-Hispanic White), 19.2% African-American, 4.3% Asian, 1.2% Native American, 0.1% Pacific Islander, and 4.1% of two or more races. 53.4% were Hispanic or Latino (of any race). 5.3% were of German ancestry.
As of the census of 2016, there were 87,901 people, 27,787 households, and 19,450 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,475.0/km² (3,762.8/mi²). There were 29,243 housing units at an average density of 490.7/km² (1,270.8/mi²). The racial makeup of the city was 30.92% White, 19.21% African American, 0.54% Native American, 3.58% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 22.96% from other races, and 3.50% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 44.82% of the population.
There were 27,787 households out of which 40.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.5% were married couples living together, 14.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.0% were non-families. 24.2% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.09 and the average family size was 3.68.
In the city, the population was spread out with 30.2% under the age of 18, 12.1% from 18 to 24, 33.4% from 25 to 44, 16.4% from 45 to 64, and 7.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 29 years. For every 100 females, there were 103.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 103.2 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $42,335, and the median income for a family was $47,341. Males had a median income of $30,556 versus $25,632 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,368. About 24% of families and 24.7% of the population were below the poverty line.
54.4% of the people in Waukegan identify as religious. 31.0% are Catholic, 8.9% are another Christian faith, 3.2% are Lutheran, 2.7% are Jewish, 1.9% are Baptist, 1.5% are Methodist 1.4% affiliates with Islam, 0.8% are Episcopalian 0.6%, are Pentecostal,1.6% are Presbyterian, 0.5% are Church of Jesus Christ, and 0.1% are of eastern faith.