Toledo is a village in Cumberland County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,238 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Cumberland County.
Toledo is located in the center of Cumberland County at 39°16′20″N 88°14′34″W / 39.27222°N 88.24278°W / 39.27222; -88.24278 (39.272115, -88.242778). Illinois Route 121 passes through the village, leading southeast 5 miles (8 km) to Greenup. Neoga is 14 miles (23 km) to the west.
According to the 2010 census, Toledo has a total area of 0.91 square miles (2.36 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,166 people, 510 households, and 314 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,461.0 people per square mile (562.7/km²). There were 571 housing units at an average density of 715.4 per square mile (275.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.63% White, 0.09% Native American, 0.09% from other races, and 1.20% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.43% of the population.
There were 510 households out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.9% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.4% were non-families. 36.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 20.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the village, the population was spread out with 26.8% under the age of 18, 8.5% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 18.2% from 45 to 64, and 19.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 88.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 81.7 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $26,094, and the median income for a family was $29,792. Males had a median income of $26,563 versus $16,898 for females. The per capita income for the village was $14,246. About 18.0% of families and 16.8% of the population were below the poverty line, including 23.5% of those under age 18 and 5.7% of those age 65 or over.