Staunton is the second largest city in Macoupin County, Illinois, United States. As of the 2010 Census, the population was 5,139.
Staunton is located at 39°0′39″N 89°47′16″W / 39.01083°N 89.78778°W / 39.01083; -89.78778 (39.010777, -89.787711).
According to the 2010 census, Staunton has a total area of 3.088 square miles (8.00 km), of which 3.06 square miles (7.93 km) (or 99.09%) is land and 0.028 square miles (0.07 km) (or 0.91%) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 5,139 people and 2,258 households in the city. The population density is 1,678.3 inhabitants per square mile (647/km²). There are 2,153 housing units at an average density of 943.6 per square mile (364.6/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.6% White, 0.3% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.5% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 0.01% from other races, and 1.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.74% of the population.
In 2000, there were 2,020 households out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.6% were married couples living together, 11.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.5% were non-families. 28.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.45 and the average family size was 3.00.
In the city, the age distribution of the population shows 25.6% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 27.4% from 25 to 44, 20.5% from 45 to 64, and 18.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 84.8 males.
The median income for a Staunton household rose from $35,893 in 2000 to $43,720 in 2010, and the median income for a family was $44,630 at the turn of the millennium. Males had a median income of $35,000 versus $21,121 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,905. About 4.0% of families and 6.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 10.0% of those under age 18 and 4.0% of those age 65 or over.
The city reached its peak population in 1920, with a population of 6,027. It suffered a decline until 1950, when it reached 4,047.
†No census data gathered for Livingston in 1900, since it was not yet incorporated.
As the above data shows, Staunton experienced quite robust growth in the early part of the 20th century. Compared to other cities/villages in the area, Staunton has held its own relatively speaking. While standouts such as Edwardsville have continued to experience robust growth even to this day, Staunton’s modest growth is favorable when compared to neighboring Livingston.