Pawnee is a village in Sangamon County, Illinois, United States. The population was 2,647 at the 2000 census, and 2,550 at a 2009 estimate. It is part of the Springfield, Illinois Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Pawnee is located at 39°35′31″N 89°34′55″W / 39.59194°N 89.58194°W / 39.59194; -89.58194 (39.592050, -89.582012).
According to the 2010 census, Pawnee has a total area of 1.26 square miles (3.26 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,647 people, 1,028 households, and 747 families residing in the village. The population density was 2,221.0 people per square mile (858.8/km²). There were 1,086 housing units at an average density of 911.2 per square mile (352.4/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 98.83% White, 0.15% African American, 0.11% Native American, 0.19% Asian, 0.04% from other races, and 0.68% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.30% of the population.
There were 1,028 households out of which 40.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.0% were married couples living together, 10.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 27.3% were non-families. 23.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.57 and the average family size was 3.06.
In the village, the population was spread out with 28.1% under the age of 18, 6.8% from 18 to 24, 31.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 11.5% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 92.8 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.6 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $50,787, and the median income for a family was $54,736. Males had a median income of $37,171 versus $26,304 for females. The per capita income for the village was $21,599. About 5.9% of families and 6.3% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.6% of those under age 18 and 8.5% of those age 65 or over.