Paris is a city in Paris Township, Edgar County, Illinois, 165 miles (266 km) south of Chicago and 90 miles (140 km) west of Indianapolis. In 1900, 6,105 people lived in Paris; in 1910, 7,664; and in 1940, 9,281. The population was 8,837 at the 2010 census. It is the county seat of Edgar County.
Paris is located at 39°36′47″N 87°41′38″W / 39.61306°N 87.69389°W / 39.61306; -87.69389 (39.613014, -87.693829).
U.S. Route 150 and Illinois State Route 1 pass through Paris. Both Illinois State Route 16 and Illinois State Route 133 have Illinois State Route 1 as their eastern terminus. One railroad passes through town, a CSX Transportation line that goes north toward Danville and southeast toward Terre Haute, Indiana.
According to the 2010 census, Paris has a total area of 5.9 square miles (15.28 km), of which 5.51 square miles (14.27 km) (or 93.39%) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.01 km) (or 6.61%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 9,077 people, 3,874 households, and 2,382 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,885.3 people per square mile (728.6/km²). There were 4,211 housing units at an average density of 874.6 per square mile (338.0/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.31% White, 0.51% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.22% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 0.25% from other races, and 0.48% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.84% of the population.
There were 3,874 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 12.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 38.5% were non-families. 34.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 17.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the city, the population was spread out with 23.8% under the age of 18, 9.0% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 21.6% from 45 to 64, and 19.6% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 39 years. For every 100 females, there were 85.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 83.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $30,902, and the median income for a family was $37,872. Males had a median income of $28,750 versus $20,673 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,750. About 8.9% of families and 12.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.2% of those under age 18 and 11.2% of those age 65 or over.