Moweaqua is a city in Shelby and Christian counties, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,831 at the 2010 census.
Moweaqua is located at 39°37′31″N 89°01′04″W / 39.625400°N 89.017736°W / 39.625400; -89.017736.
According to the 2010 census, Moweaqua has a total area of 1.77 square miles (4.58 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,923 people, 772 households, and 541 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,720.0 people per square mile (662.9/km²). There were 819 housing units at an average density of 732.6 per square mile (282.3/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.17% White, 0.05% Native American, 0.26% Asian, 0.21% from other races, and 0.31% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.57% of the population.
There were 772 households out of which 32.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.9% were married couples living together, 8.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 29.9% were non-families. 27.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.4% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.9% under the age of 18, 7.5% from 18 to 24, 24.8% from 25 to 44, 21.7% from 45 to 64, and 22.2% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 82.6 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 80.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $40,114, and the median income for a family was $48,750. Males had a median income of $38,750 versus $21,974 for females. The per capita income for the village was $18,195. About 7.3% of families and 11.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 18.3% of those under age 18 and 9.0% of those age 65 or over.