Golden is a village in Adams County, Illinois, United States. The population was 644 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Quincy, IL–MO Micropolitan Statistical Area.
Golden is located at 40°6′35″N 91°1′7″W / 40.10972°N 91.01861°W / 40.10972; -91.01861 (40.109772, -91.018548).
According to the 2010 census, Golden has a total area of 0.63 square miles (1.63 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 629 people, 257 households, and 163 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,000.9 people per square mile (385.5/km²). There were 280 housing units at an average density of 445.5 per square mile (171.6/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.16% of the population.
There were 257 households out of which 29.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.4% were married couples living together, 5.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 36.2% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 19.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.92.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.4% under the age of 18, 5.1% from 18 to 24, 26.7% from 25 to 44, 17.2% from 45 to 64, and 27.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 40 years. For every 100 females there were 80.7 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 78.5 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $34,333, and the median income for a family was $41,181. Males had a median income of $30,761 versus $19,034 for females. The per capita income for the village was $16,518. About 3.5% of families and 3.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 2.5% of those under age 18 and 5.1% of those age 65 or over.