Chenoa is a city in McLean County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,785 at the 2010 census. Located at the intersections of Interstate 55, Historic Route 66, and U.S. Route 24. Founded in 1854 by Mathew T. Scott, Chenoa was created to provide a retail and trade center for his farm tenants as well as a grain shipping facility. The Chenoa Centennial was celebrated in 1954. The town is situated in a highly productive agricultural area. Two currently active businesses here are notable due to their longevity. They are Schuirman’s Drug Store (now Chenoa Pharmacy) and Union Roofing. The latter company today is one of the largest roofing contractors in Illinois. Several small manufacturers operate here and a number of antique dealers are Chenoa-based. The town school system closed at the end of the 2004 school year, consolidating with the nearby Prairie Central school district. A well attended July 4 celebration is held in Chenoa each year.
Chenoa is located at 40°44′35″N 88°43′12″W / 40.74306°N 88.72000°W / 40.74306; -88.72000 (40.743136, -88.720079).
According to the 2010 census, Chenoa has a total area of 2.475 square miles (6.41 km), of which 2.43 square miles (6.29 km) (or 98.18%) is land and 0.045 square miles (0.12 km) (or 1.82%) is water.
Situated in McLean County, the area surrounding Chenoa boasts some of the richest soil in the world. Only patches of farmland in Argentina, southern Ukraine and along the Yellow River in China match the fertile ground that covers much of the northern half of Illinois, particularly a high-yielding band through the state’s midsection. McLean County is traditionally the state’s leading corn and soybean producer.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,845 people, 713 households, and 524 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,472.2 people per square mile (569.9/km²). There were 768 housing units at an average density of 612.8 per square mile (237.2/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.72% White, 0.22% African American, 0.05% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 1.08% from other races, and 0.54% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.60% of the population.
There were 713 households out of which 34.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 62.8% were married couples living together, 7.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 26.4% were non-families. 23.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.59 and the average family size was 3.03.
In the city, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 6.4% from 18 to 24, 29.4% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 15.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 36 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.5 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $44,420, and the median income for a family was $50,948. Males had a median income of $35,821 versus $21,361 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,559. About 4.6% of families and 5.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 7.7% of those under age 18 and 6.7% of those age 65 or over.