About Calhoun County IL
Calhoun County is a county in the U.S. state of Illinois. As of the 2010 census, the population was 5,089, making it Illinois’ third-least populous county. Its county seat and biggest community is Hardin, with a population of slightly less than 1,000. Its smallest community is Hamburg, with a population of 123. Calhoun County is at the tip of the peninsula formed by the courses of the Mississippi and Illinois rivers above their confluence and is almost completely surrounded by water. Calhoun County is sparsely populated; it has just five municipalities, all of them villages.
According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 284 square miles (740 km), of which 254 square miles (660 km) is land and 30 square miles (78 km) (10.5%) is water.
Calhoun County is a narrow 37-mile (60 km)-long peninsula of mostly high, rolling ground located between the Mississippi River and the Illinois River. The rolling hills escaped the leveling of glaciers.
County transportation is served by two state-operated, free ferries crossing the Illinois River (the Brussels Ferry in the south and the Kampsville ferry in the north). The Golden Eagle ferry, which is privately operated and charges a toll, crosses the Mississippi River to St. Charles County, Missouri. A bridge spans the Illinois River at Hardin. Land routes connect to the north to bordering Pike County.
When transportation was mainly by river, the county had many prosperous farms and orchards. It still produces a major portion of the peach crop of Illinois, and farmers raise corn and other commodities. The hotel in Brussels dates from 1847, when it was a stagecoach stop.
Tourists visit the area for the natural environment of the Illinois River valley and for its proximity to the Great River Road on the Illinois side. It includes part of the Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge and attracts thousands of birds in migration seasons as part of the Mississippi Flyway. The county has several designated historic districts in the villages and properties listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Calhoun County was added to the St. Louis Metropolitan Statistical Area in 2003, along with Bond and Macoupin counties in Illinois, and Washington County, Missouri.
The Center for American Archeology is located in Kampsville in the northern part of the county. It has been the center for study of prehistoric indigenous culture in the area. It has created educational opportunities for children and adults to participate in its archaeological digs.
In the 2000 census, there were no African-Americans living in the county, leading to James Leuwen designating it a “sundown town”.
As of the 2010 census, there were 5,089 people, 2,085 households, and 1,447 families residing in the county. The population density was 20.0 inhabitants per square mile (7.7/km). There were 2,835 housing units at an average density of 11.2 per square mile (4.3/km). The racial makeup of the county was 98.9% white, 0.2% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 0.1% black or African American, 0.2% from other races, and 0.4% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 0.8% of the population. In terms of ancestry, 46.2% were German, 14.7% were American, 12.4% were Irish, and 9.5% were English.
Of the 2,085 households, 28.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 59.2% were married couples living together, 7.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 30.6% were non-families, and 27.3% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.40 and the average family size was 2.90. The median age was 44.6 years.
The median income for a household in the county was $44,891 and the median income for a family was $57,627. Males had a median income of $42,917 versus $34,514 for females. The per capita income for the county was $23,109. About 7.2% of families and 11.7% of the population were below the poverty line, including 12.3% of those under age 18 and 13.2% of those age 65 or over.
Calhoun County Illinois neighborhoods include: Abingdon, Adair, Addison, Aledo, Alexander, Alexis, Algonquin, Alhambra, Allerton, Alorton, Alpha, Alsip, Alton, Altona, Alvin, Ancona, Andalusia, Anna, Annawan, Antioch, Arenzville, Arlington Heights, Armstrong, Ashland, Ashley, Ashmore, Assumption, Athens, Atkinson, Auburn, Augusta, Aurora, Bannockburn, Barrington, Barry, Bartlett, Bartonville, Basco, Batavia, Bath, Baylis, Beach Park, Beecher, Belle Rive, Belleville, Bellevue, Bellwood, Belvidere, Bensenville, Benson, Berkeley, Berwyn, Bethalto, Big Rock, Bismarck, Blackstone, Blandinsville, Bloomington, Blue Island, Blue Mound, Bluffs, Bluford, Bolingbrook, Bonfield, Bonnie, Bourbonnais, Bowen, Braceville, Bradley, Braidwood, Bridgeview, Brighton, Brimfield, Bristol, Broadlands, Broadview, Brookfield, Brussels, Buckingham, Buffalo, Buffalo Grove, Bull Valley, Bulpitt, Burbank, Burr Ridge, Bushnell, Cabery, Cahokia, Caledonia, Calumet City, Calumet Park, Cambridge, Camp Point, Cantrall, Capron, Carlock, Carlyle, Carol Stream, Carpentersville, Carthage, Cary, Caseyville, Catlin, Centralia, Centreville, Champaign, Chandlerville, Channahon, Chapin, Charleston, Chatham, Chatsworth, Chebanse, Chenoa, Cherry Valley, Chicago, Chicago Heights, Chicago Ridge, Chillicothe, Cicero, Clarence, Clarendon Hills, Clayton, Cleveland, Coal City, Coal Valley, Coatsburg, Colchester, Collinsville, Collison, Colona, Columbia, Concord, Congerville, Cordova, Cornell, Cottage Hills, Country Club Hills, Countryside, Crest Hill, Crestwood, Crete, Creve Coeur, Crystal Lake, Cullom, Custer Park, Dahinda, Dallas City, Dana, Danvers, Danville, Darien, Davis, Davis Junction, Dawson, Decatur, Deer Creek, Deerfield, Deer Park, Dekalb, Delong, Des Plaines, Dewey, Diamond, Divernon, Dix, Dixmoor, Dolton, Dorsey, Dow, Downers Grove, Du Bois, Dundee, Dunlap, Dupo, Durand, Dwight, East Alton, East Carondelet, East Dundee, East Moline, Easton, East Peoria, East Saint Louis, East St Louis, E Carondelet, Edelstein, Edinburg, Edwards, Edwardsville, Elburn, Elgin, Elk Grove Village, Elmhurst, Elmwood, Elmwood Park, El Paso, Elsah, Elvaston, Elwood, Emington, Erie, E Saint Louis, Essex, Eureka, Evanston, Evergreen Park, Ewing, Fairbury, Fairmount, Fairview Heights, Fairview Hts, Farmington, Fayetteville, Fidelity, Fieldon, Fisher, Fithian, Flanagan, Flossmoor, Foosland, Ford Heights, Forest City, Forest Park, Forest View, Forrest, Fowler, Fox Lake, Fox River Grove, Frankfort, Franklin, Franklin Park, Freeburg, Fults, Galesburg, Galva, Garden Prairie, Gardner, Geneseo, Geneva, Genoa, Georgetown, Germantown Hills, Gifford, Gilberts, Gilson, Glasford, Glenarm, Glen Carbon, Glencoe, Glendale Heights, Glen Ellyn, Glenview, Glenwood, Godfrey, Godley, Golden, Golf, Goodfield, Good Hope, Grafton, Granite City, Grant Park, Graymont, Grayslake, Great Lakes, Green Rock, Green Valley, Gridley, Gurnee, Hainesville, Hamilton, Hampshire, Hampton, Hanna City, Hanover Park, Hartford, Harvard, Harvel, Harvey, Harwood Heights, Havana, Hawthorn Wds, Hawthorn Woods, Hazel Crest, Hebron, Hecker, Herscher, Hickory Hills, Highland, Highland Park, Highwood, Hillsboro, Hillsdale, Hillside, Hinckley, Hinsdale, Hodgkins, Hoffman Estates, Holiday Hills, Homer, Homer Glen, Hometown, Homewood, Hoopeston, Hudson, Hull, Humboldt, Huntley, Illinois City, Illiopolis, Ina, Indian Creek, Indian Head Park, Indianola, Industry, Ingleside, Inverness, Island Lake, Itasca, Ivesdale, Jacksonville, Jerseyville, Johnsburg, Joliet, Joy, Justice, Kane, Kankakee, Kappa, Keenes, Keithsburg, Kenilworth, Kewanee, Kilbourne, Kildeer, Kingston, Kirkland, Knoxville, La Fayette, Lafox, La Grange, La Grange Highlands, La Grange Park, La Harpe, Lake Barrington, Lake Bluff, Lake Forest, Lake In The Hills, Lakemoor, Lake Villa, Lake Zurich, Lanesville, Lansing, La Prairie, Laura, Leaf River, Lebanon, Lemont, Lenzburg, Lerna, Liberty, Libertyville, Lima, Lincolnshire, Lincolnwood, Lindenhurst, Lisle, Lk In The Hls, Loami, Lockport, Lombard, London Mills, Long Grove, Long Point, Longview, Loraine, Lovejoy, Loves Park, Lowpoint, Ludlow, Lynn Center, Lynnville, Lynwood, Lyons, Machesney Park, Machesney Pk, Macomb, Madison, Mahomet, Manhattan, Manito, Manteno, Maple Park, Mapleton, Maquon, Marengo, Marietta, Marine, Marissa, Markham, Maryville, Mascoutah, Mason City, Matherville, Matteson, Mattoon, Maywood, Mc Cook, McCullom Lake, McHenry, Mechanicsburg, Medora, Melrose Park, Mendon, Meredosia, Merrionette Park, Metamora, Mettawa, Midlothian, Milan, Millbrook, Millington, Millstadt, Mineral, Minonk, Minooka, Modesto, Mokena, Moline, Momence, Monee, Monroe Center, Montgomery, Moro, Morris, Morrisonville, Morton, Morton Grove, Mossville, Mount Auburn, Mount Prospect, Mount Pulaski, Mount Vernon, Moweaqua, Mundelein, Murrayville, Naperville, Nason, National Stock Yards, Nauvoo, Newark, New Athens, New Baden, New Berlin, New Boston, New Douglas, New Holland, New Lenox, New Windsor, Niantic, Niles, Niota, Nokomis, Normal, Norridge, North Aurora, North Barrington, Northbrook, North Chicago, Northfield, North Henderson, Northlake, Oak Brook, Oak Forest, Oakland, Oak Lawn, Oak Park, Oakwood, Oakwood Hills, Odell, O Fallon, Ogden, Old Mill Creek, Olympia Fields, Oneida, Opdyke, Ophiem, Orion, Orland Hills, Orland Park, Osco, Oswego, Otterville, Owaneco, Palatine, Palmer, Paloma, Palos Heights, Palos Hills, Palos Park, Pana, Panola, Paris, Park City, Park Forest, Park Ridge, Pawnee, Paxton, Payson, Pecatonica, Pekin, Pembroke Township, Penfield, Peoria, Peoria Heights, Peotone, Pesotum, Philo, Phoenix, Piasa, Pingree Grove, Plainfield, Plainville, Plano, Plato Center, Pleasant Plains, Plymouth, Pocahontas, Pontiac, Poplar Grove, Port Barrington, Port Byron, Posen, Potomac, Prairie City, Prairie Du Rocher, Prairie View, Princeville, Prophetstown, Prospect Heights, Quincy, Rankin, Rantoul, Red Bud, Reddick, Reynolds, Richmond, Richton Park, Richview, Ridge Farm, Ridott, Ringwood, Rio, Riverdale, River Forest, River Grove, Riverside, Riverton, Riverwoods, Roanoke, Robbins, Rochester, Rockbridge, Rockdale, Rockford, Rock Island, Rockton, Rolling Meadows, Romeoville, Roodhouse, Rosamond, Roscoe, Roselle, Rosemont, Rossville, Round Lake, Round Lake Beach, Round Lake Heights, Round Lake Park, Roxana, Sadorus, Saint Anne, Saint Augustine, Saint Charles, Saint Jacob, Saint Joseph, Saint Libory, Sandwich, San Jose, Sauget, Sauk Village, Saunemin, Savoy, Schaumburg, Scheller, Schiller Park, Sciota, Scott Air Force Base, Seaton, Secor, Seward, Seymour, Sherman, Sherrard, Shiloh, Shipman, Shirland, Shorewood, Sidell, Sidney, Silvis, Skokie, Sleepy Hollow, Smithton, Solon Mills, South Barrington, South Beloit, South Chicago Heights, South Elgin, South Holland, South Roxana, Spring Bay, Springfield, Spring Grove, Staunton, St Charles, Steger, Stickney, Stillman Valley, Stone Park, Stonington, Strawn, Streamwood, Streator, Sugar Grove, Summerfield, Summit Argo, Sutter, Swansea, Sycamore, Table Grove, Taylor Ridge, Taylorville, Tennessee, Texico, Third Lake, Thomasboro, Thornton, Tilton, Tinley Park, Tolono, Topeka, Tower Lakes, Trenton, Trilla, Trivoli, Trout Valley, Troy, Union, University Park, Urbana, Ursa, Valmeyer, Venice, Vermont, Vernon Hills, Victoria, Village Of Lakewood, Villa Grove, Villa Park, Viola, Virden, Virgil, Vlg Of Lakewd, Volo, Wadsworth, Walnut Hill, Waltonville, Warrenville, Warsaw, Washburn, Washington, Washington Pk, Wataga, Waterloo, Wauconda, Waukegan, Waverly, Wayne, Westchester, West Chicago, West Dundee, Western Springs, Westfield, Westmont, West Peoria, West Point, Westville, Wheaton, Wheeling, White Heath, Williamsfield, Williamsville, Willowbrook, Willow Springs, Wilmette, Wilmington, Winchester, Winfield, Winnebago, Winnetka, Winthrop Harbor, Wonder Lake, Woodhull, Woodlawn, Woodridge, Wood River, Woodstock, Worden, Worth, Yates City, Yorkville, Zion
For more information, see Calhoun County Illinois wiki