Arthur is a village in Douglas and Moultrie Counties in Illinois, with Arthur’s primary street, Vine Street, being the county line. The population was 2,288 at the 2010 census. The Arthur area is home to the largest and oldest Amish community in Illinois, which was founded in the 1860s.
Arthur is located at 39°42′55″N 88°28′12″W / 39.71528°N 88.47000°W / 39.71528; -88.47000 (39.715323, -88.470071).
According to the 2010 census, Arthur has a total area of 1.32 square miles (3.42 km), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 2,203 people, 915 households, and 619 families residing in the village. The population density was 1,726.7 people per square mile (664.5/km²). There were 951 housing units at an average density of 745.4 per square mile (286.9/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 99.64% White, 0.05% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.05% Asian, and 0.09% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.27% of the population.
There were 915 households out of which 28.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.6% were married couples living together, 7.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 32.3% were non-families. 30.4% of all households were made up of individuals and 16.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.90.
In the village, the population was spread out with 23.3% under the age of 18, 8% from 18 to 24, 24.2% from 25 to 44, 23.2% from 45 to 64, and 21.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 86.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 82.1 males.
The median income for a household in the village was $37,438, and the median income for a family was $47,827. Males had a median income of $32,358 versus $20,948 for females. The per capita income for the village was $19,683. About 4.6% of families and 6.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 9.8% of those under age 18 and 4.4% of those age 65 or over.
The village of Arthur characterizes itself on its website as an Amish-friendly community, with more than 4,000 “Plain People” living in the town and surrounding rural townships. The Amish settlement near Arthur was founded in 1864 and had 30 church districts with about 150 people per district in 2013.
Arthur community was the 8th largest Amish settlement in the world with 4,410, as of 2017.